Wavelet Analysis of Big Data Contaminated by Large Noise in an fMRI Study of Neuroplasticity

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Wavelet Analysis of Big Data Contaminated by Large Noise in an fMRI Study of Neuroplasticity

Show full item record

Title: Wavelet Analysis of Big Data Contaminated by Large Noise in an fMRI Study of Neuroplasticity
Author(s):
Wu, Jiayi
Advisor: Efromovich, Sam
Date Created: 2018-08
Format: Dissertation
Keywords: Show Keywords
Abstract: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allows researchers to analyze brain activity on a voxel level, but using this ability is complicated by dealing with Big Data and large noise. A traditional remedy is averaging over large parts of the brain in combination with more advanced technical innovations in reducing fMRI noise. In this dissertation a novel statistical approach, based on a wavelet analysis of standard fMRI data, is proposed and its application to an fMRI study of neural plasticity of 24 healthy adults is presented. The aim of the study was to recognize changes in connectivity between left and right motor cortices (the neuroplasticity) after button clicking training sessions. A conventional method of the data analysis, based on averaging images, has implied that for the group of 24 participants the connectivity increased after the training. The proposed wavelet analysis suggests to analyze pathways between left and right hemispheres on a voxel-to-voxel level and for each participant via estimation of the corresponding cross-correlations. This immediately necessitates statistical analysis of large-p-small-n correlation matrices contaminated by large noise. Furthermore, the distributions that we are dealing with in the analysis are neither Gaussian nor sub-Gaussian but sub-exponential. The dissertation explains how the problem may be solved and presents results of a dynamic analysis of the ability of a human brain to reorganize itself for 24 healthy adults. Results show that the ability of a brain to reorganize itself varies widely even among healthy individuals, and this observation is important for our understanding of a human brain and treatment of brain diseases.
Degree Name: PHD
Degree Level: Doctoral
Persistent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/6189
Terms of Use: ©2018 The Author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Eugene McDermott Library. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Type : text
Degree Program: Statistics

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
ETD-5608-030-WU-8417.97.pdf 783.3Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


Show full item record