Dynamical Spin-Density Waves in a Spin-Orbit-Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensate

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Dynamical Spin-Density Waves in a Spin-Orbit-Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensate

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Title: Dynamical Spin-Density Waves in a Spin-Orbit-Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensate
Author(s):
Li, Yan (UT Dallas);
Qu, Chunlei (UT Dallas);
Zhang, Yongsheng (UT Dallas);
Zhang, Chuanwei (UT Dallas)
Item Type: Article
Keywords: Show Keywords
Abstract: Synthetic spin-orbit (SO) coupling, an important ingredient for quantum simulation of many exotic condensed matter physics, has recently attracted considerable attention. The static and dynamic properties of a SO-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) have been extensively studied in both theory and experiment. Here we numerically investigate the generation and propagation of a dynamical spin-density wave (SDW) in a SO-coupled BEC using a fast moving Gaussian-shaped barrier. We find that the SDW wavelength is sensitive to the barrier's velocity while varies slightly with the barrier's peak potential or width. We qualitatively explain the generation of SDW by considering a rectangular barrier in a one-dimensional system. Our results may motivate future experimental and theoretical investigations of rich dynamics in the SO-coupled BEC induced by a moving barrier.
Publisher: Amer Physical Soc
ISSN: 1050-2947
Persistent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/5342
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.92.013635
Bibliographic Citation: Li, Yan, Chunlei Qu, Yongsheng Zhang, and Chuanwei Zhang. 2015. "Dynamical spin-density waves in a spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate." Physical Review A 92(1), doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.013635
Terms of Use: ©2015 American Physical Society
Sponsors: NSFC (11104075, 61275122); ARO (W011NF-12-1-0334); AFOSR (FA9550-13-1-0045); National Fundamental Research Program (2011CB921200, 2011CBA00200)

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