Brain Activation During Dual-task Processing is Associated with Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Performance in Older Adults

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Brain Activation During Dual-task Processing is Associated with Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Performance in Older Adults

Show full item record

Title: Brain Activation During Dual-task Processing is Associated with Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Performance in Older Adults
Author(s):
Wong, Chelsea N.;
Chaddock-Heyman, Laura;
Voss, Michelle W.;
Burzynska, Agnieszka Z.;
Basak, Chandramallika (UT Dallas);
Erickson, Kirk I.;
Prakash, Ruchika S.;
Szabo-Reed, Amanda;
Phillips, Siobhan M.;
Wojcicki, Thomas;
Mailey, Emily L.;
McAuley, Edward;
Kramer, Arthur F.
Item Type: article
Keywords: Show Keywords
Abstract: Higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with better cognitive performance and enhanced brain activation. Yet, the extent to which cardiorespiratory fitness-related brain activation is associated with better cognitive performance is not well understood. In this cross-sectional study, we examined whether the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and executive function was mediated by greater prefrontal cortex activation in healthy older adults. Brain activation was measured during dual-task performance with functional magnetic resonance imaging in a sample of 128 healthy older adults (59-80 years). Higher cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with greater activation during dual-task processing in several brain areas including the anterior cingulate and supplementary motor cortex (ACC/SMA), thalamus and basal ganglia, right motor/somatosensory cortex and middle frontal gyrus, and left somatosensory cortex, controlling for age, sex, education, and gray matter volume. Of these regions, greater ACC/SMA activation mediated the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and dual-task performance. We provide novel evidence that cardiorespiratory fitness may support cognitive performance by facilitating brain activation in a core region critical for executive function.;
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1663-4365
Persistent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2015.00154
http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/5272
Bibliographic Citation: Wong, Chelsea N., Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Michelle W. Voss, Agnieszka Z. Burzynska, et al. 2015. "Brain activation during dual-task processing is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and performance in older adults." Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 7, doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2015.00154
Terms of Use: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) License
©2015 The Authors
Sponsors: National Institute on Aging [RO1 AG25667, RO1 AG25032]

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
BBS-2866-5269.25.pdf 1.316Mb PDF View/Open Article

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


Show full item record

CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) License Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) License