Preliminary Findings Demonstrating Latent Effects of Early Adolescent Marijuana Use Onset on Cortical Architecture

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Preliminary Findings Demonstrating Latent Effects of Early Adolescent Marijuana Use Onset on Cortical Architecture

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Title: Preliminary Findings Demonstrating Latent Effects of Early Adolescent Marijuana Use Onset on Cortical Architecture
Author(s):
Filbey, Francesca M. (UT Dallas);
McQueeny, Tim (UT Dallas);
DeWitt, Samuel J. (UT Dallas);
Mishra, Virendra
Item Type: article
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Abstract: Background: As the most commonly used illicit substance during early adolescence, long-term or latent effects of early adolescent marijuana use across adolescent developmental processes remain to be determined. Methods: We examined cortical thickness, gray/white matter border contrast (GWR) and local gyrification index (LGI) in 42 marijuana (MJ) users. Voxelwise regressions assessed early-onset (age = 16 years-old) differences and relationships to continued use while controlling for current age and alcohol use. Results: Although groups did not differ by onset status, groups diverged in their correlations between cannabis use and cortical architecture. Among early-onset users, continued years of MJ use and current MJ consumption were associated with thicker cortex, increased GWR and decreased LGI. Late-onset users exhibited the opposite pattern. This divergence was observed in all three morphological measures in the anterior dorsolateral frontal cortex (p < .05, FWE-corrected). Conclusions: Divergent patterns between current MJ use and elements of cortical architecture were associated with early MJ use onset. Considering brain development in early adolescence, findings are consistent with disruptions in pruning. However, divergence with continued use for many years thereafter suggests altered trajectories of brain maturation during late adolescence and beyond.
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
ISSN: 1878-9293
Persistent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2015.10.001
http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/4960
Bibliographic Citation: Filbey, Francesca M., Tim McQueeny, Samuel J. DeWitt, and Virendra Mishra. 2015. "Preliminary findings demonstrating latent effects of early adolescent marijuana use onset on cortical architecture." Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 16, doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2015.10.001.
Terms of Use: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) License
©2015 The Authors
Sponsors: This research was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA030344, Filbey).

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CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) License Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) License