Exploring the Non-Linear Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Depression in an Elderly Population in Gangneung: The Gangneung Health Study

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Exploring the Non-Linear Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Depression in an Elderly Population in Gangneung: The Gangneung Health Study

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Title: Exploring the Non-Linear Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Depression in an Elderly Population in Gangneung: The Gangneung Health Study
Author(s):
Kim, Sang A.;
Kim, Eunyoung;
Morris, Robert G.;
Park, Woong Sub
Item Type: article
Keywords: Show Keywords
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine a J-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and depression among the elderly in South Korea.; Materials and Methods: Cross-section data were drawn from a community-based sample of individuals 60 years of age and older (n=1819). Respondents completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Intensification Test (AUDIT) and the Korean Beck Depression Inventory. Using a regression approach, the effect of alcohol consumption as a non-linear effect was assessed in relation to gender, marital status, exercise, smoking, age, education, and physical and mental health.; Results: AUDIT total score were found to exert linear and quadratic effects that were significantly associated with higher depression scores among sample respondents. The results lend support to a J-shaped relationship between alcohol use and depression, wherein abstainers and problem drinkers were at a higher risk of depression.; Conclusion: This study confirms a J-shaped (i.e., curvilinear) relationship between alcohol consumption and depression among elderly South Koreans, similar to that frequently found in studies of Western-based samples. The findings of this study, therefore, imply the applicability of the J-shaped relationship hypothesis for non-Western society samples and within different cultural contexts.;
Publisher: Yonsei University
ISSN: 1976-2437
Persistent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2015.56.2.418
http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/4383
Terms of Use: CC-BY-NC 3.0 (Attribution−NonCommercial)
©2015 Yonsei University College of Medicine

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CC-BY-NC 3.0 (Attribution−NonCommercial) Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC-BY-NC 3.0 (Attribution−NonCommercial)