Measurement of the Azimuthal Anisotropy for Charged Particle Production in √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV Lead-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

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Measurement of the Azimuthal Anisotropy for Charged Particle Production in √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV Lead-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

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Title: Measurement of the Azimuthal Anisotropy for Charged Particle Production in √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV Lead-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector
Author(s):
Aad, G.;
Abbott, B.;
Abdallah, J.;
Abdel Khalek, S.;
Abdelalim, A. A.;
Abdesselam, A.;
Abdinov, O.;
Ahsan, Mahsana;
Izen, Joseph M.;
Lou, Xinchou;
Reeves, Kendall
Date Created: 2012-07-24
Format: Text
Item Type: Article
Keywords: Azimuthal anisotropy
Lead-lead interactions
Fourier series
Abstract: Differential measurements of charged particle azimuthal anisotropy are presented for lead-lead collisions at √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC, based on an integrated luminosity of approximately 8 μb⁻¹. This anisotropy is characterized via a Fourier expansion of the distribution of charged particles in azimuthal angle relative to the reaction plane, with the coefficients vn denoting the magnitude of the anisotropy. Significant v₂–v₆ values are obtained as a function of transverse momentum (0.5 < p_T < 20 GeV), pseudorapidity (|η| < 2.5), and centrality using an event plane method. The ν_n values for n ≥ 3 are found to vary weakly with both η and centrality, and their p_T dependencies are found to follow an approximate scaling relation, v_{1/n / n} (p_T) ∝ v{1/2 / 2} (p_T), except in the top 5% most central collisions. A Fourier analysis of the charged particle pair distribution in relative azimuthal angle (Δφ = φ_a − φ_b) is performed to extract the coefficients v_{n,n} = (cos nΔφ). For pairs of charged particles with a large pseudorapidity gap (|Δη = η_a−η_b| > 2) and one particle with pT < 3 GeV, the v₂,₂ – v₆,₆ values are found to factorize as v_{n,n}(p_T^a, pp_T^b) ≈ v_n(p_T^a) ν_n (p_T^b) in central and midcentral events. Such factorization suggests that these values of v₂,₂ – v₆,₆ are primarily attributable to the response of the created matter to the fluctuations in the geometry of the initial state. A detailed study shows that the v₁,₁ (p_T^a,p_T^b) data are consistent with the combined contributions from a rapidity-even v₁ and global momentum conservation. A two-component fit is used to extract the v₁ contribution. The extracted v₁ is observed to cross zero at p_T ≈ 1.0 GeV, reaches a maximum at 4–5 GeV with a value comparable to that for v₃, and decreases at higher p_T.
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 0556-2813
Source: Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Link to Related Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.86.014907
Persistent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/4268
Bibliographic Citation: Aad, G., B. Abbott, J. Abdallah, S. Abdel Khalek, et al. 2014. "Measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy for charged particle production in √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV lead-lead collisions with the ATLAS detector." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 86(1), doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.86.014907
Terms of Use: CC BY 3.0 (Attribution)
©2014 CERN for the ATLAS collaboration

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