Diffusion of Small Molecules in Metal Organic Framework Materials

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Diffusion of Small Molecules in Metal Organic Framework Materials

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Title: Diffusion of Small Molecules in Metal Organic Framework Materials
Author(s):
Canepa, Pieremanuele;
Nijem, Nour;
Chabal, Yves J.;
Thonhauser, T.
Format: text
Item Type: article
Keywords: Diffusion
Adsorption
Molecules
Abstract: Ab initio simulations are combined with in situ infrared spectroscopy to unveil the molecular transport of H-2, CO2, and H2O in the metal organic framework MOF-74-Mg. Our study uncovers-at the atomistic level-the major factors governing the transport mechanism of these small molecules. In particular, we identify four key diffusion mechanisms and calculate the corresponding diffusion barriers, which are nicely confirmed by time-resolved infrared experiments. We also answer a long-standing question about the existence of secondary adsorption sites for the guest molecules, and we show how those sites affect the macroscopic diffusion properties. Our findings are important to gain a fundamental understanding of the diffusion processes in these nanoporous materials, with direct implications for the usability of MOFs in gas sequestration and storage applications. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.026102
ISSN: 0031-9007
Persistent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.026102
http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/3676
Terms of Use: ©2013 American Physical Society

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