Expertise and Processing Distorted Structure in Chess

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Expertise and Processing Distorted Structure in Chess

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Title: Expertise and Processing Distorted Structure in Chess
Author(s):
Bartlett, James C.;
Boggan, Amy L.;
Krawczyk, Daniel C.
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Item Type: article
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Abstract: A classic finding in research on human expertise and knowledge is that of enhanced memory for stimuli in a domain of expertise as compared to either stimuli outside that domain, or within-domain stimuli that have been degraded or distorted in some way. However, we do not understand how experts process degradation or distortion of stimuli within the expert domain (e.g., a face with the eyes, nose, and mouth in the wrong positions, or a chessboard with pieces placed randomly). Focusing on the domain of chess, we present new fMRI evidence that when experts view such distorted/within-domain stimuli, they engage an active search for structure-a kind of exploratory chunking-that involves a component of a prefrontal-parietal network linked to consciousness, attention and working memory.;
ISSN: 1662-5161
Persistent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00825
http://hdl.handle.net/10735
Terms of Use: ©2013 The Authors. Licensed for subsequent use by a CC-BY license.

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