Observation of Time-Reversal Violation in the B⁰ Meson System

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Observation of Time-Reversal Violation in the B⁰ Meson System

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Title: Observation of Time-Reversal Violation in the B⁰ Meson System
Author(s):
Lees, J. P.;
Izen, Joseph M. (UT Dallas);
Lou, Xinchou (UT Dallas);
Poireau, V.;
Tisserand, V.;
Grauges, E.;
Palano, A.;
Eigen, G.;
BaBar Collaboration
Date Created: 2012-07-24
Format: Text
Item Type: Article
Keywords: Supersymmetry.
Tellurium compounds
Abstract: Although CP violation in the B meson system has been well established by the B factories, there has been no direct observation of time-reversal violation. The decays of entangled neutral B mesons into definite flavor states (B⁰ or B̄⁰), and J/ψK_L⁰ or cc̄K_S⁰ final states (referred to as B₊ or B₋), allow comparisons between the probabilities of four pairs of T-conjugated transitions, for example, B̅⁰ → B₋ and B₋ → B̅⁰, as a function of the time difference between the two B decays. Using 468 × 10⁶ BB̄ pairs produced in Υ(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at SLAC, we measure T-violating parameters in the time evolution of neutral B mesons, yielding ΔS_T⁺ = -1.37 ± 0.14(stat) ± 0.06(syst) and ΔS_T⁻ = 1.17 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.11(syst). These nonzero results represent the first direct observation of T violation through the exchange of initial and final states in transitions that can only be connected by a T-symmetry transformation.
Publisher: American Physical Society
Persistent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/2499
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.211801
Bibliographic Citation: Lees, J., V. Poireau, V. Tisserand, J. Garra Tico, E. Grauges, A. Palano, G. Eigen, et al. “Observation of Time-Reversal Violation in the B⁰ Meson System.” Physical Review Letters 109(21), doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.211801.
Terms of Use: ©2012 American Physical Society

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